The Penny Black was the world’s first adhesive postage stamp used in a public postal system. It was first issued in Great Britain on 1 May , but was not valid for use until 6 May. It features a profile of Queen Victoria. In , British postal rates were high, complex and anomalous. To simplify matters, Sir Rowland Hill proposed an adhesive stamp to indicate pre-payment of postage. At the time it was normal for the recipient to pay postage on delivery, charged by the sheet and on distance travelled. Postal delivery systems using what may have been adhesive stamps existed before the Penny Black. The idea had at least been suggested earlier in the Austrian Empire, Sweden, and possibly Greece. Treasury competition On 13 February , Sir Rowland Hill proposed to a government enquiry both the idea of a pre-paid stamp and a pre-paid envelope, a separate sheet folded to form an enclosure for carrying letters.
UK’s second most valuable stamp sells for £495,000
The “Plate 77 Penny Red” sold is only one five in the world according to Stanley Gibbons Investment, who conducted the sale. Heddle said Plate 77 Penny Reds are viewed as the “Holy Grail” of stamp collecting due to limited availability for buyers. The recently sold stamp was purchased for a private collection, known as “The Waterbird Portfolio”. Heddle claims the market for rare stamps has remained resilient amid global market volatility. The firm claims annualized return for the index is listed as
The rarest and most valuable variation of Penny Red is a plate 77 Penny Reds, which date from Thought by collectors as the holy grail of philately, this.
There is much more material available for specialised study. From the outset, the Post Office was concerned about the postmarks on these; red postmarks were not entirely secure, but black postmarks did not show up so well against the black print of the stamp. It was therefore decided to keep the same design of stamp but change the colour to a brownish-red against which the black postmark would be distinct.
Further printing plates were made as required. Some of the earlier printings used a slightly bluish paper. The basic design of the stamp was the same, that is with letters in the two lower corners, and stars in the two upper corners. During the life of these there was a change in watermark and a change in perforating machine, giving four basic different varieties, but they are even more complicated than that!!
Corner Letters ; Every penny red stamp has letters in the lower two corners. These simply identify what sheet position the stamp occupied. When the printing plates were produced the lower squares were blank, and the letters were punched in by hand. The left square letter shows which horizontal row the stamp was in – the first row being A, the second B, and so on down to the twentieth row with T. The right square letter indicates the vertical column, again with A for the first column, B, C, and so on across to L for the last twelfth column.
It should be noted therefore that each letter combination is just as common or as scarce as any other. In the last main group of Penny Reds “Penny Plates” the lower corner letters were repeated in the upper corners, but with the order reversed.
Penny Black Stamps
The sale was arranged by London-based dealers Stanley Gibbons, which said the Plate 77 Penny Red is one of only five used examples known to the world of philately — another of which is held in the British Museum. Plate 77 Penny Reds, which date from , are viewed by collectors and investors as the holy grail of philately because Plate 77 stamps were not meant to exist.
The stamps were created but never sold by post offices after they were not considered to be of good enough quality. The original printing plate was destroyed, but a tiny handful made their way into circulation.
An original envelope dated with postmark and penny red stamp. – Stock Image An original envelope dated with postmark and penny red stamp.
Does this make it ” constant flaw ” or just too much ink. Either way I wasn’t able to find the relevant plate no in the QV specialised catalogue. Can someone help me or point me in the right direction , perhaps I should be looking more at the stars in the upper corners?? Because I have learned a bit about cheating from moderator Paul recently, I have done a quick search on the net and you can start by looking at the nostrils on the nose which tells you which Die was used and these appear to be Die 1 “right” and Die 2 “Left”.
The nostril on Die 2 is shorter and if from what I have just read about these, they are called Tonna’s penny red stars. As in ALL cases in tradition with stamps, there are many different varieties.
Penny Black stamp guide
Documents in our archives are of interest for all sorts of reasons. The stamps on the outside of envelopes and packages are often overlooked, but they have their own fascination, too. A few months ago I was passing through the library when I noticed a couple of my colleagues admiring a beautiful grave rubbing from a memorial stone, and as the rubbing was gently folded up due to its delicate condition I was extremely surprised to find out the rubbing had been sent through the post and was adorned with two Penny Red postage stamps.
First issued in , the Penny Red succeeded the Penny Black
The “Plate 77 Penny Red” sold is only one five in the world according to is a U.K. stamp dating back to known as the ‘SG7 1d plate11’.
Great Britain stamp SG 47 Pl. Used– Nice Liverpool Cancel Small corner crease pencil notation on rear. As pictured, a decent example. Skip to main content. Email to friends Share on Facebook – opens in a new window or tab Share on Twitter – opens in a new window or tab Share on Pinterest – opens in a new window or tab. Add to Watchlist. People who viewed this item also viewed. Picture Information.
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How to collect Penny Reds
I have been interested in penny reds for 42 years and am happy to say the pleasure I get from improving my collection and learning more about the history and detail of our chosen specialisation grows constantly. It was used for the standard letter postage rate of 1d and approximately 21 billion were issued. The 1d Red was a development of the Penny Black with the colour being changed from black to red so that the new black Maltese Cross cancellation could be clearly seen.
This change was made following Rowland Hill’s “rainbow trials” and “obliterating trials” to find the most sensible stamp and cancel combination to prevent people removing evidence of cancellation so the stamps could be re-used.
Black was normally used for the date stamp applied to the cover. When this was The use of the red cancellation on the Penny Red stamps is rare. The largest.
Because of this, there is no shortage of Penny Black stamps for sale at a variety of price points, making it an excellent first purchase for anyone serious about historic philately. Penny Blacks are fairly abundant, and collecting them has become a popular hobby in its own right. Each of the 12 plates produced stamps at a time, meaning there are possible combinations of plates and check letters. It is not uncommon to focus your collection on a single plate, or by cancellation, by date, or in blocks, pairs or multiples.
Simply having one in good condition is an important achievement for anyone curious about this area of postage history. No matter where you are in your collection, Apfelbaum, Inc. Other than its condition, there are other factors that can affect the value of a Penny Black. These include:. Apfelbaum makes it easy to buy Penny Blacks.
GB -Line Engraved – 1d reds all issues (incl. plating)
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Antique Penny Red Stamp stock photo. Image of letter, head – Photo about A rare Victorian penny red stamp dating circa with Birmingham.
Search Penny Reds. The red-brown cancellation marks used on Penny Blacks were easy to wash off and were therefore often unlawfully reused. A number of trials were conducted to test various permutations of stamp and cancellation ink combinations, this experimentation was called the Rainbow Trials. Special plates of three and 12 stamps were printed in shades of red, blue and green and cancelled in a variety of ways. The Penny Red has lace marks on the left and right with position letters in all four corners.
To reinforce anti-forgery measures, it also had two different watermarks: early issues with one small crown watermark and later issues with a large crown watermark. Perforation sizes were also tested. At first sheets were printed without perforation marks, then its size changed from 16 to 14; all of these nuances making the Penny Red all the more varied and interesting to the collector. The Penny Red is remarked as having one of the rarest individual plate numbers in the philatelic world: The famous Plate Only a handful of Plate 77s, which date from , made their way into circulation.
There are only five used examples known to the world of philately adding to the mystique of the Plate 77s, which endures beyond its years. Some have been stolen, others lost, and as a result, are highly prized by collectors. The Penny Red’s design The Penny Red has lace marks on the left and right with position letters in all four corners.
Rare plate 77 Penny Red for sale by Channel Islands dealer
The owner received no bids on his offer of 99 cents, with eBay users Stamp Production Process Forum All topics about the technical aspects of stamp collecting such as printing methods, types of presses, paper, gum types, etc. The anonymous collector identified the stamp’s flaw soon after purchase and immediately made it available on the internet auction site with a reserve of just 99c. All stamp collections should be stored in a damp free environment and away from heaters and direct sunlight.
The Penny Red was a British postage stamp first issued in , making the th Anniversary of its release. It has a stonking cover design by This is Star, a New York artist and model whose inkwork makes me moist and excited. It has the red stamp mark which is quite pale over head neck and face.
The plating of a stamp is to allocate it to the original plate from which it was printed. need the 3rd and last edition of – sounds out of date but it certainly is not!!) – GREAT BRITIAN: THE LINE ENGRAVED STAMPS: PENNY RED.
The stamp we hope to persuade you to add to your affordable GB stamps collection is a mint or mint hinged Edward VII Penny Red with good margins, and in well-cared-for condition. The general public first saw it on sale, together with the near-identical halfpenny green, twopence-halfpenny ultramarine and sixpence pale dull purple on 1 January , almost a year into the new reign.
Edward VII 1d red stamp Yes, there is much for the beginner to take in; but the more you look, the more you learn.